Balanced Diet

What is Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) ?

Hypoglycemia is not a disease, it is an indicator of underlying health  condition.
Hypo means LOW
Hypoglycemia means not enough glucose or sugar in the blood. (Blood sugar less than 70 mg/dl)
Hypoglycemia occurs in variety of health conditions but it is generally associated with diabetes mellitus.
Hypoglycemia produces variety of symptoms, mainly includes

Symptoms in mild to moderate hypoglycemia
Hunger
Tremor or trembling
Sweating
Shaking and jittery
Pale face and skin
Palpitations or irregular heart rate
Dizziness and weakness
Blurred vision
Headache
Sleepy
Confused or disoriented
Uncoordinated
Changed behavior or personality

Symptom in severe hypoglycemia may involve:
Weakness and tiredness
Poor concentration
Irritability and nervousness
Confusion
Irrational or argumentative behavior  Personality changes
Tingling in the mouth
Coordination problems
Unable to eat or drink
Seizures or convulsions (jerky movements)
Unconsciousness


When to see a doctor
Seek a doctor’s help immediately if:
If you have symptoms of hypoglycemia without having  diabetes.
You have diabetes and hypoglycemia isn’t responding to treatment, like  drinking juice or regular soft drinks, eating candy or taking glucose tablets. By this treatment there is no improvement in blood sugar and no improvement in your symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.


Hypoglycemia unawareness
After repeated episodes of hypoglycemia body acclimatised to changes in blood sugar level and body does not produce any symptoms of low blood sugar. When this happens, the risk of severe, life-threatening hypoglycemia is increased. This is called hypoglycemia unawareness.


Prevention
If you have diabetes, carefully follow the diabetes management schedule. Talk to your doctor before taking new medications and exercise program. Otherwise there is possibility of developing  hypoglycemia. Always carry a fast-acting carbohydrate with you, such as juice or glucose tablets so that you can treat a falling blood sugar before it goes dangerously low.
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